Pelvic floor physiotherapy is a specialized form of physiotherapy that assesses and treats pelvic floor dysfunctions.
Pelvic floor dysfunctions can result from weak, tight, or overactive pelvic floor muscles and can lead to a host of symptoms such as incontinence, pain with sexual intercourse, organ prolapse, and constipation.
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapists use internal manual techniques and external orthopedic techniques to assess the function of these muscles and their contribution to your symptoms.
The pelvic floor muscles form a “bowl” that supports the bladder, uterus, prostate, and rectum against gravity.
Weakness in the pelvic floor can lead to pelvic organ prolapse.
The pelvic floor muscles wrap around the urethra, rectum, and vagina (in women), helping to prevent urinary and fecal incontinence.
Whenever we sneeze, cough, exercise, or hold our breath, there is a rise in intra-abdominal pressure. Our pelvic floor muscles act like a trampoline, resisting that pressure so that nothing leaks out of the bladder or rectum.
Pelvic floor muscles help to provide tone for the vaginal and rectal canals.
They also help promote blood flow for orgasms in females and erections in males. Alterations in muscle function can result in pain during sexual intercourse.
The pelvic floor muscles act as a venous and lymphatic pump for the pelvis, helping to move blood and lymphatic fluid through the body.
Without the proper functioning of this “sump pump,” fluid will collect in the pelvis, leading to bloating, discomfort, and congestions.
The pelvic floor muscles, along with other deep core muscles, work to unload the spine and stabilize the lumbar spine, sacroiliac joint, and hip joint.